Indian Personalities

Mahatma Gandhi( Father of the Nation)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in the town of Porbander in the state of Gujarat on 2 October 1869. He studied law at University College, London. In 1891, after having been admitted to the British bar, Gandhi returned to India and attempted to establish a law practice in Bombay, with little success. He went to South Africa to wrork but found himself treated very shabbily and like someone of inferior race.This realization changed the face of Indian dependence and freedom struggle.
Political Awakening
Gandhi emerged as the leader of the Indian community, and it is in South Africa that he first coined the term satyagraha to signify his theory and practice of non-violent resistance. Gandhi returned to India in early 1915 ver the next few years, he was to become involved in numerous local struggles all over the country. Gandhi became the international symbol of a free India. He lived a spiritual and ascetic life of prayer, fasting, and meditation.In 1921 the Indian National Congress, the group that spearheaded the movement for nationhood, gave Gandhi complete executive authority, with the right of naming his own successor.The British government again seized and imprisoned him in 1922 for the failure of the civil disobedience movement.
Mahatma Gandhi
Gandhian Philosophy
Attacked caste system: In September 1932, while in jail, Gandhi undertook a “fast unto death” to improve the status of the Hindu Untouchables. He pledged to eradicate the unjust social and economic aspects of the caste system.
Mahatma Gandhi
Ahinsa
Gandhi beleived that truth can be achieved with Ahimsa -non violence and he stuck to the path of non-violence and freed India from the cluthces of foreign rule.

Mahatma GandhiDuring the riots that followed the partition of India, Gandhi pleaded with Hindus and Muslims to live together peacefully. Riots engulfed Calcutta, one of the largest cities in India, and  theMahatma fasted until disturbances ceased. On January 13, 1948, he undertook another successful fast in New Delhi to bring about peace, but on January 30, 12 days after the termination of that fast, as he was on his way to his evening prayer meeting, he was assassinated by a fanatic Hindu. A period of mourning was set aside in the United Nations General Assembly, and condolences to India were expressed by all countries.

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Jawaharlal Nehru(Chacha Nehru)

Jawaharlal Nehru was born on November 14, 1889 in Allahabad, central India. His father Motilal Nehru was a prominent advocate and early leader of the Indian independence movement. He returned from education in England at Harrow School and Cambridge University to practise law before following his father into politics.Political Journey
In 1919 joined the Indian National Congress, the principal nationalist organization of India, led by Mohandas K. Gandhi. Nehru soon became a leader of the nationalist movement; between 1921 and 1945 he was imprisoned nine times by the British administration for his activities on behalf of Indian independence. He served as president of the Congress party from 1929 to 1931, a position he subsequently held six times.In 1942 Nehru replaced Gandhi as the recognized leader of the National Congress party. Four years later, the British invited him to form an interim government. During the following year Nehru tried preventing the partition of India. He was unsuccessful, and a separate Muslim state known as Pakistan was founded. In August 1947, following the final withdrawal of the British and the establishment of India as a self-governing dominion, Nehru was elected prime minister. He continued in that post when India became a republic in 1950 and was returned to office repeatedly until his death on May 27, 1964, in New Delhi.
Jawahar Lal Nehru
Jawahar Lal Nerhru : 
Jawahar Lal Nehru
Jawahar Lal Nerhru : 

Jawahar Lal NehruEndeavors

As prime minister, Nehru was deeply involved in carrying out India’s five-year plans and pursuing a policy of peaceful coexistence with nations of every political tendency. He supported the United Nations resolution on Korea in 1950, opposed the British and French move in 1956 at the Suez Canal, and told an aggressive China in 1959 that he would defend India’s borders with armed force. Under his guidance India became an influential force within the so-called Nonaligned Nations. His writings include letters published under the titles Glimpses of World History (1936) Letters to Chief Ministers (5 vol., 1987-90) and an autobiography published in the U.S. as Toward Freedom (1941); his addresses and articles were collected and published under the titles The Unity of India (1941) and Independence and After (1950).

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Amitabh Bachchan”The ‘Shahenshah’ of Bollywood

Amitabh Bachchan — the ‘Shahenshah’ of Bollywood was born to well-known poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan and Teji Bachchan in Allahabad on October 11, 1942. Amitabh went to Sherwood College, a boarding school in Nainital, and then to Kirori Mal College in Delhi University where he earned a double MA. The elder son of Harivansh Rai Bachchan was a former stage actor, radio announcer and freight company executive in Shaw Wallace in Calcutta, before coming to the land of dreams, Bombay Mumbai. He had to struggle a lot in Bollywood because of his unconventional looks and his height. At 6’3”, he was considered far too tall by the filmmakers.

Lights…Camera…Action
Ultimately, it was K A Abbas who gave Amitabh his first break in ‘Saat Hindustani’ (1969). But the film failed miserably, with Bachchan going almost unnoticed. It was on the sets of B R Ishara’s ‘Ek Nazar’ (1972) that Amitabh and Jaya Bhaduri realized that they were in love with each other. They married soon after.It was his 13th film ‘Zanjeer’, directed by Prakash Mehra, which catapulted Amitabh to fame. Amitabh introduced the motif of the ‘angry young man’ to Indian cinema.Bachchan essayed a fantastic range of ‘off-beat’ roles under the direction of veteran Hrishikesh Mukherjee. Apart from ‘Anand’ and ‘Namak Haraam’, he gave standout performances in ‘Abhimaan’ (1973) ‘Mili’ (1975), ‘Chupke Chupke’ (1975), ‘Jurmana’ (1979) and ‘Bemisaal’ (1982).Amitabh proved his versatality and scored in all types of roles be it the sensitive romances of Yash Chopra (Kabhi Kabhie (1976), Silsila (1981)) or the entertainers of Manmohan Desai. (Amar Akbar Anthony, Parvarish (1977), Suhaag (1979), Naseeb (1981) to name some) He excelled in all types of scenes be it action, drama, song and dance or comedy. Amitabh started his own production company, the Amitabh Bachchan Corporation Limited (ABCL). ABCL ventured into film distribution but unfortunately fell on evil days.

Amitabh Bachchan
Amitabh Bachchan : 
Amitabh Bachchan
Amitabh Bachchan :

Amitabh BachchanFeather in the Cap
The biggest feather in Amitabh’s crowded cap was being chosen as the superstar of the Millennium over such greats as Charlie Chaplin and Laurence Olivier and being selected as the first film personality from India to be immortalized at Madam Tussaud’s Wax Museum, London! And by he hosting the popular game show Kaun Banega Karodpati? he not only came back with a bang but endeared himself to the younger geneartion of today as well. On January 26, 2001 he was awarded the Padma Bhushan for his contribution to Indian Cinema.

Political Journey
On the advice of his close friend Rajiv Gandhi, he contested the general elections for the first time from his hometown Allahabad. His stint in politics, however, proved short-loved. Having realized that politics was not his cup of tea, Amitabh resigned his seat in Parliament, vowing never to dabble in politics again. Today he continues to be perhaps the busiest actor in Bollywood with roles even today in films like Baghban (2003) and Khakhee (2004). The Big B is an icon who has survived three decades of competition, even trends. And emerged a winner.
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